Fundamental Object-Oriented Concepts

  • In Java, a narrowing conversion is also known as an explicit type conversion or casting.
  • A byte can represent values between -128 to 127.
  • An array, in Java, is an ordered collection of primitives, object references, or other arrays. All the elements of an array must be of the same type, except in case of polymorphism.
  • Array elements are initialized to default values, wherever they are created.
  • The increment operator can be used in either of the two forms given below:
    1. Prefix form: In the prefix form, it appears before the operand. For example, ++a;
    2. Postfix form: In the postfix form, it appears after the operand. For example, a ++;
  • Numeric promotions are used to convert the operands in a numeric expression to a common type before an operation is performed between the operands.
  • In Java, there are two kinds of numeric promotions as follows:
    1. Unary numeric promotion
    2. Binary numeric promotion
  • Pass SCJA Certification Java 1.2 in a first attempt:

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