Cisco has announced changes to the CCNA certification and exams in June 2007. Before these changes are announced, the first entry-level Cisco certification was Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA) certification. In 2003, Cisco continued with a single certification (CCNA) but offered two certification options; a single exam option and a two-exam option.

Cisco has created a new entry-level certification named Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician (CCENT) and has introduced the ICND1 (640-822), ICND2 (640-816), and CCNA (640-802) exams. The 640-802 exam is a single exam option for becoming a CCNA. You can also opt for the ICND1 and ICND2 exams to be certified as a CCNA. However, the ICND1 exam can be taken to achieve the Cisco Certified Entry Networking Technician (CCENT). Continue reading

Jacek Laskowski

Jacek Laskowski has been working with Java and Java Enterprise Edition, since its inception and is Sun Certified Java Programmer for Java 5 as well as Sun Certified Business Component Developer for Java EE 5. Jacek is the founder and leader of Warszawa Java User Group. Jacek is a committer and PMC member of Apache Geronimo, Apache OpenEJB, Apache XBean, Apache ActiveMQ and Apache ServiceMix open source projects.

He participated in NetBeans Community Acceptance Test (NetCAT) 6.0 and was awarded as the most active and agile participant. Jacek speaks on Polish (mostly) and international conferences. Continue reading